WASENBOURG

Les Amis de la Wasenbourg

Discovering the Castle

    Although relatively modest in size, Wasenbourg Castle impresses with its elegance and the quality of its construction. It seems to have been built for residential purposes. However, the defensive aspect was not neglected. First of all, the topography of the site was exploited, at the end of a promontory limited by the steep slopes of the Wasenberg. This natural protection was certainly coupled with a surrounding wall. The most vulnerable point remained the south-western side constituted by the end of the Reisberg massif. A wide ditch was cut into the rock, providing the stone for the construction. The cutting face is clearly visible.

    The castle was built on the remaining rock, protected by an imposing shield wall with an average thickness of 4.5m, 20m high and 19.5m long.

Detailed description of the building

1)Path coming from Niederbronn, access to the site.
2) Traces of a retaining wall.
3) Traces of an extended enclosure wall.
4) Enclosure wall of the inner bailey.
5) Foundations of the former temple of Mercury (1st-4th century, destroyed around 451), uncovered in 1899.
6) Wachtfelsen rock.
7) Reconstruction in 1912 of a portico with stones found and attributed to the former Roman temple.
8) Outer bailey.
9) Inner bailey.
10) Upper inner courtyard.
11) Palas.
12) Shield wall.
13) Ditch cut into the Reisberg.
14) Arms room.
15) Large Gothic window with 9 lancets and 8 oculi on the first floor.
16) Oriel.
17) Latrines / waste disposal.
18) Presumed location of a cistern.